Sixty-one toxic substances were detected at quantifiable concentrations in the twelve participants. Each participant had quantifiable concentrations of 26–38 toxic substances. Sixteen toxic substances were detected in every participant: bisphenol A, mercury, lead, Hexachlorobenzene, Beta-HCH, trans-nonachlor, p,p-DDE, PFOS, PFOA, perchlorate and PBDE 15, 28/33, 47, 99, 100, and 153.
Bisphenol A (BPA)99
BPA was detected in all the participants. It was above the CDC average in four participants, and above the 95th percentile in one of those four participants.
Both mercury and lead were detected at quantifiable concentrations in all participants. Mercury concentrations were above the CDC average in ten participants and above the 95th percentile in two of those participants. Lead concentrations were above the CDC average in three participants.
Seventeen organochlorine pesticides were detected in the participants. Between seven and eleven organochlorine pesticides were detected in each participant. Four organochlorine pesticides were detected in all participants: hexachlorobenzene, Beta-HCH, trans-nonachlor, and p,p-DDE. The major metabolite of DDT, p,p-DDE, was detected at the highest concentration of any organochlorine pesticide.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)103
All participants had quantifiable concentrations of 10–20 PBDEs in their bodies. A total of 34 PBDE congeners were detected. PBDE congeners 15, 28/33, 47, 99, 100, and 153 were detected at quantifiable amounts in all the participants. PBDE congener 47 made up the largest percentage of quantifiable PBDEs, followed by PBDE 153, 209, 99 and 100.
Six participants had perchlorate exposures above the CDC average 0.066 µg/kg/day, the typical daily dose for the U.S. population.
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs)105
Six PFCs were detected at quantifiable levels in participants. Between two and six PFCs were detected in each participant. Two participants had detectable concentrations of all six PFCs. PFOS and PFOA were found in all participants.
Triclosan was detected in all but one of the participants. It was above the CDC average in six participants and above the 95th percentile in one of those six.
Samples were collected and analyzed using the highest quality control and assurance protocols. Analyses of PBDEs, bisphenol A, organochlorine pesticides, and triclosan were performed by AXYS Analytical, a Canadian laboratory that conducts analyses using GC/HRMS (Gas chromatography — high resolution mass spectrometry) and LC/MS/MS (liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry) instrumentation and associated techniques. Mercury and lead analyses were conducted by Brooks-Rand Labs, specializing in analytical services with a focus on ultra-trace level metals analysis and metals speciation. Perchlorate analyses were conducted by the CDC. Details about analytical methods are available upon request.
Note: The Mind, Disrupted project tested 12 participants’ blood, however one participant (David Irons) chose not to have his urine tested, which explains why some charts show all 12 participants and those charts that indicate chemicals tested from urine samples only show 11 participants.
Click here to view the Table of Participant Results.